Category: Tsar Nicholas II

The Romanov Diaries (Letters): Tsaritsa Alexandra

As we know the bond between Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra was extremely strong. However with the outbreak of World War I they were separated for extended periods. Here we have some correspondence from The Tsaritsa to The Tsar.

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Livadia, April 27-th, 1914

My sweetest treasure, my very Own one,

you will read these lines when you get into your bed in a strange place & unknown house. God grant that the journey may be a pleasant & interesting one, & not too tiring nor too dusty. I am so glad to have the map, as then can follow you hourly. I shall miss you h o r r i b I y , but I am glad for you that you will be away for 2 days & get new impressions & hear nothing of Anias stories. My heart is heavy & sore – must one’s kindness & love always be repayed thus? The black family & now she? One is always told one can never love enough – here we gave our hearts our home to her, our private life even – & this is what we have gained! It is difficult not to become bitter – it seems so cruelly unjust. –

May God have mercy & help us, the heart is so heavy! I am in despair that she gives you worries & disagreeable conversations, no rest for you either. Well try & forget all these two days. I bless you & cross you & hold you tightly in my arms – kiss you all over with boundless love & devotion. I shall be in Church to-morrow morning at 9 & try to go again on Thursday – it does me good to pray for you when we are separated cannot get accustomed, for ever so short, not to have you in the house, tho’ I have our 5 treasures. –

Sleep well my Sunshine, my own precious one & thousand tender kisses fr. yr. own old

Wify.

God bless & keep you.

Petergof, June 29-th 1914

My beloved One,

It is very sad not to accompany you – but I thought I would better remain with the little Ones quietly here. Heart & soul are ever near you with tenderest love & passion, all my prayers suround you – I am therefore glad to go at once to evening service when you leave & to-morrow morning at 9 to mass. I shall dine with Anna, Marie & Anastasia & go early to bed. Marie Bariatinsky will lunch with us & spend her last afternoon with me. –

I do hope you will have a calm sea & enjoy yr. trip wh. will be a rest for you – you need it, as were looking pale to-day.

Shall miss you sorely, my very Own precious One. – Sleep well my treasure, – my bed will be, oh, so empty.

God bless & kiss you. Very tenderest kisses fr. yr. own old

Wify.

Tsarskoe Selo, Nov. 18-th 1914

My own beloved One, as a Feldjeger leaves this evening, I profit to write & tell you how we spent the morning. Such pain fills the heart without my Sweetheart being here – so hard to see you having all alone. – We went straight to the hospital after Fredericks had given me a paper to sign at the station. We had a good deal to do, but I sat long whilst the children worked. A. was in a stupid, unamiable mood. She went off earlier, to see Alia who arrives, & will only come back at 9 & not to our lecture. She never asked what I would do – once you are not there, she is glad to get out of the house. Its no good running away from ones sorrow. But I am glad to see less of her when she is unamiable.

What dirty weather! I am going to the Childrens’ hospital & then to the big palace.

Marie & Olga go rushing about the room, Tatiana has a lesson, Anastasia sits with her – Baby is going out after resting. The Governor calls me quickly. – I just received Mme Muftizade & then the business manager of my Tsarskoe Selo red cross of Suvalki. He has come to fetch things & ask for 2 motors. –

Beloved One, my very own Huzy dear – me wants kiss you, to cudle close & feel comfy. Now the children call me to the hospital, so I must be off. The man goes at 5. Goodbye lovy mine, God bless & keep you now & evermore.

All the children kiss you tenderly

Ever your very own

Wify.

 

The Romanov Diaries: Tsar Nicholas II part 2

As we continue our look at the lives of the Romanov family through their own writing we gain an insight into the deep and loving relationship between Nicholas and Alix

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Sept. 20th 1914. Oh, my love! It was hard bidding you goodbye and seeing that lonely pale face with big sad eyes at the waggon-window—my heart cried out, take me with you.… I came home and then broke down, prayed—then lay down and smoked to get myself into order. When eyes looked more decent I went up to Alexei and lay for a time near him on the sopha in the dark.”

18 November, 1914. My beloved Sunny and darling Wify.… I have read your sweet, tender letter with moist eyes. This time I succeeded in keeping myself in hand at the moment of parting, but it was a hard struggle.… My love, I miss you terribly—more than I can express in words.… I shall try to write very often, as, to my amazement, I have come to the conclusion that I can write while the train is in motion. My hanging trapeze has proved very practical and useful. I swung on it many times and climbed up it before meals.

25 November, 1914, in the train. My beloved, darling Sunny!… We [he had taken with him on his journey Nikolai Pavlovich Sablin, his aide-de-camp and one of the closest members of his retinue] are passing through picturesque country which is new to me, with beautiful high mountains on one side and steppes on the other.… I sat for a long time at the open door of the carriage and breathed in the warm fresh air with delight. At each station the platforms are crowded with people, especially children … they are charming with their tiny papakha [fur caps] on their heads.… The train is jolting terribly, so you must excuse my writing. After the hospitals I looked in for a minute at the Kouban Girls’ Institute and at a large orphanage dating from the last war, all of them Cossack girls.… They look well and unconstrained, here and there a pretty face.… This country of the Cossacks is magnificent and rich; a large number of orchards. They are beginning to be wealthy, above all they have an inconceivably high number of small infants. All future subjects. This all fills me with joy and faith in God’s mercy; I must look forward in peace and confidence to what lies in store for Russia

28 February, 1915. My beloved darling!… I was so happy to spend those two days at home—perhaps you noticed it, but I am foolish, and never speak of what I feel. What a nuisance it is to be always so busy and not to have an opportunity for sitting quietly together and having a talk! After dinner I cannot stay indoors, as I long to get out in the fresh air—and so all the free hours pass, and the old couple seldom get a chance of being together.

We will continue to bring you excerpts from the diaries of the Romanov family as we remember them this month. Please stay tuned.

The Romanov Diaries: Tsar Nicholas II

The first in a series of articles showing the lives of the Romanov family through their own writings.

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20 October, 1894. My God! My God! What a day! The Lord has called our adored, precious, fiercely beloved Papa to Him. My head is spinning. Don’t want to believe it. It seems so unlikely, this terrible reality! We spent all morning around him. At about half past 2 he took Communion. Oh, Lord! I stood at the head of his bed for more than an hour holding his head. The death of a saint…. (Nicholas on the passing of his father Tsar Alexander III)

The Wedding of Nicholas and Alix

13 November, 1894. Anichkov. At 11 we went to mass in our dear church. It was both sad and painful to stand there … knowing that one place would always remain empty. Words cannot express how hard it was and how sorry I feel for dear Mama!… Saw my dear Alix at tea. Then said goodbye to her at 8. We are not to see each other anymore! Until the wedding! It still seems as if all this were leading up to someone else’s wedding. Odd under these circumstances to think about one’s own marriage.

14 November. My wedding day. After coffee with the others went to dress. Put on my hussar’s uniform and at 11.30 went with Misha to the Winter Palace. Troops all along Nevsky. Mama and Alix. We all waited while they completed her toilette in the Hall of Malachite.

Finally she appeared: she wore a silver dress and a diamond necklace, and over her shoulders lay an ermine-lined, gold brocade mantle with a long train. On her head rested a tiara blazing with diamonds. The new empress.

At 10 minutes after 12 the entrance into the Great Church began, whence I returned a married man.… We were presented with an enormous silver swan from the family. Alix and I changed clothes, got into a Russian carriage, and went to Kazan Cathedral. A sea of people in the streets.… An honor guard from the Uhlan Life Guard Regiment was waiting in the Anichkov courtyard when we arrived. Mama welcomed us with bread and salt.… All evening we answered telegrams.… Collapsed into bed early, since her [Alix’s] head had begun to pound.

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The birth of Olga

3 November 1895. Friday. A day forever memorable for me, during which I suffered much! At 1 in the morning dear Alix began having pains that would not let her sleep. All day she lay in bed in great torment, poor thing. I could not watch her calmly. At about 2 in the morning dear Mama arrived from Gatchina. The three of us—she, Ella, and I—were with Alix constantly. At exactly 9 we heard a child’s squawk, and we all breathed freely! A daughter sent by God, in prayer we named her Olga….

6 November. In the morning admired our enchanting little girl. She doesn’t seem like a newborn at all because she’s such a large child and her little head is covered with hair.

Emperor And Daughter

Please stay tuned as we bring you more diary entries from The Tsar and his family throughout the month of July.

Nicholas II: Did he abdicate?

a post by @TraditionalMike on twitter

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Did the last Tsar of Russia Nicholas II really abdicate the throne as is widely thought?

According to the official line of history on the 15th of March 1917 Nicholas II issued a statement with his intent to abdicate the throne in favour of his heir Alexei. However it was pointed out the Tsarevich would not live long without his family around due to his health problems. Nicholas then named his brother Grand Duke Michael as the next Emperor. The Grand Duke refused and the Russian Monarchy was no more.

However there is another version of events which seems to indicate The Tsar never abdicated the throne at all.

The principal research officer of the Russian History Institute at the Russian Sciences Academy Vladimir Lavrov PH.D believes the abdication of Nicholas II may not have occurred at all.

Mr Lavrov gives the fact the original document of the abdication did not survive  as one reasons he believes the abdication may not have happened.

Mr Lavrov goes on to say “Firstly they say that the document kept in the State Archive of the Russian Federation is the original. But it is absolutely clear that it is not the original”

He calls into doubt the copy of the document held in the archive by stating that it was written without a letterhead which was customary  for any royal communications. He also said it was signed in pencil and it is addressed to the chief if headquarters, and minster for the Emperor’s court, Count Vladimir Frederiks, who certified the Tsar’s signature, said during his interrogation that the signature was forged.

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Another account calls into question the abdication of Nicholas II. This one coming from The Tsar himself as written by his eldest daughter.

A diary entry made by Grand Duchess Olga on the 13th of November 1917 while the family were imprisoned at Tobolsk in Sibera recounts a conversation between Nicholas and several others regarding the truth of his “abdication.”

Sitting by the fireplace in the living room were Tsar Nicholas II, his daughter Olga, Evgeni Kobylinski, commander of the guard, Vasili Pankratov, a former political prisoner and convert to Socialism, and a Dr. Friderenski, who had replaced Dr. Eugene Botkin months before at Tsarskoye Selo.

In an idle moment, Pankratov turned the chat to the subject of the abdication of the Tsar. The history books tell us that Tsar Nicholas II abdicated on March 15, 1917 (the Ides of March). In Russia, the revolution newspapers had reported the abdication. And so, that late afternoon of November 13, 1917, Pankratov and the others were startled when the Tsar said, “I never abdicated.

All those present, including the Grand Duchess Olga, were stunned. “How can this be?” asked Pankratov. “This gives the lie to all we know.” Kobylinski, agitated, looked at the Tsar and said, “Perhaps you can explain.” Dr. Friderenski, astonished, exclaimed, “My God, then the history is not only changed, it is turned upside-down!”

“Exactly. It is inverted,” replied the Tsar, who then began to explain the true facts.

“First, you must understand the criticisms and intolerance of the Grand Dukes, my relatives, and of the military commanders. If this revolution has succeeded, it is not due to the revolutionaries but to the plots hatched in the salons of St. Petersburg and amongst the top generals.” the Tsar continued to say.

After the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, a religious confidant of the family, in December 1916, the Tsar had left St. Petersburg and returned to the front lines of Russia’s war with Germany.

At that time, in St. Petersburg, all had seemed to be under control. It was only around March 8, 1917 that telegrams from Mikhail Rodzianko, Chairman of the Duma, and Mikhail Belyayev, Minister of War, provided the first hints to the Tsar that there was trouble back in St. Petersburg.

Around this same time, direct communication with the Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna at Tsarskoye Selo suddenly became impossible, with the excuse that there were serious problems with the telegraph lines. Tsar Nicholas II received false, and even treacherous assurances from persons such as Sir George Buchanan, British Ambassador to Russia, indicating “nothing serious” in St. Petersburg.

At the front lines, surrounded by traitors whom the Tsar mistakenly believed to be his friends, Nicholas increasingly was cut off from reality.

On March 13th, the “friends” of the Tsar persuaded him to take a “special train” back to Tsarskoye Selo, on the outskirts of St. Petersburg, so he could better control chaotic events in the then Russian capital. En route, the Tsar was told a group of rebels had disrupted the railroad line to Tsarskoye Selo. The train’s route was changed towards Pskov.

At Pskov, General Nikolai Ruzsky boarded the train. The Tsar recalled to his rapt audience by the fireplace in Tobolsk, “When General Ruzsky was in my presence, without preamble and with harsh words, he informed me that General Ivanov, instead of marching as ordered to St. Petersburg to put down the disturbance, had halted and set up quarters at Tsarskoye Selo.” Total abdication was demanded.
“It was not the revolution of the people,” recalled the Tsar, “nor of the peasants of old Russia, but the Grand Dukes, the military caste, and the aristocracy which had conquered. The coup d’état, already announced by General Krymov, had triumphed.”

At this point Pankratov interrupted the Tsar. “But Your Majesty,” he said, “you had signed a proclamation to the army, in which…”

“I did not write that proclamation, nor did I sign it!” roared the Tsar. “The true history is different, very different.”

“For two days and nights General Ruzsky kept me a prisoner on that train. He kept urging me to sign an abdication for myself and the Tsarevich Alexei. Each time, I categorically denied to do so.”

So did the last Tsar of Russia abdicate the throne? It would appear that the answer to that question is not the one given to us in the official history books.

Nicholas II: The Last Tsar of Russia

a post by @TraditionalMike on twitter

Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov was born on the 18th of May 1869 in the Alexander Palace in Saint Petersburg. He was the eldest son of Emperor Alexander III & Empress Maria Feodorovna and one of six children born to the royal couple. Nicholas was related to several monarchs in Europe and during his childhood he, his parents and siblings would make annual visits to the Danish royal palaces to visit extended family.

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On March 1st 1881 Tsar Alexander II was assassinated and Nicholas’s father Alexander III became the new Tsar. This meant that Nicholas himself was now the heir apparent to the Russian throne (a position called Tsarevich). In 1886 at the wedding of Nicholas’s uncle Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich & Princess Elizabeth the 16 year old Tsarevich met 12 year old Princess Alix to whom he would later be wed.

Despite the fact that Nicholas was heir apparent to the Russian throne his father Tsar Alexander III failed to properly prepare his son for the role of one day ruling Russia.

The Tsar was very reluctant to give his son serious responsibilities. Despite this the Russian Finance Minister Sergei Wittle pushed the Tsar to give son the education he would need to rule saying ” If Nicholas was not introduced to state affairs, he would never be ready to understand them.”

Added to this Alexander III was only in his forties at the time, and was expecting it to be many years before Nicholas took over as Tsar.

1894 would prove to be a very eventful year in the life of Nicholas. During this year he would take several overseas trips, the first of which was to Coburg Germany.

While in Coburg, Nicholas proposed to Princess Alix and they were formally engaged on the 20th of April. He also visited the United Kingdom this year.

By the autumn of 1894, Alexander III was in very poor health and he passed away on November 1st. This left 26 year old Nicholas as the new Tsar of Russia. That evening, Nicholas was consecrated by his father’s priest as Tsar Nicholas II and, the following day, Alix was received into the Russian Orthodox Church, taking the name Alexandra Feodorovna with the title of Grand Duchess

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Nicholas and Alexandra were married on the 26th of November 1894. Alexandra wore the traditional dress of Romanov brides, and The Tsar wore a hussar’s uniform.

Nicholas’ formal coronation as Tsar took place on the 26th of May 1896. Four days later a banquet was to be held for the people of Khodynka Field to celebrate the coronation.

An area was set up for the banquet to occur. At about 6 o’clock in the morning of the celebration day, several thousand people were already gathered on the field. Rumours spread among the people that there was not enough beer or pretzels for everybody, and that the enamel cups contained a gold coin. A police force of 1,800 men failed to maintain civil order, and in a catastrophic crowd crush and resulting panic occurred. Tragically 1,389 people were trampled to death, and roughly 1,300 were otherwise injured.

It was sometime after the tragedy took place that The Tsar and Empress were informed of what had happened. Nicholas wrote in his diary:

“Until now, everything was going, thank God, like clockwork, but today there was a great mishap. The crowd staying overnight at Khodynka, awaiting the start of the distribution of lunch and mugs pushed against buildings and there was a terrible crush, and awful to say trampled around 1300 people !! I found out about it at 10 1/2 hours before the report by [minister of war] Vannovski; a disgusting impression was left by this news.”

The very next day after the tragedy The Tsar & Grand Duchess visited hospitalized victims of the stampede and the government distributed a large amount of aid to the families of the dead.

Despite his outpouring of grief and public support for the victims of the Khodynka tragedy Nicholas’s opponents cruelly and wrongly labelled him “Nicholas the bloody” as a result of this event. The new royal family had no choice but to move on with their lives.

From 1895 until 1901 The Tsar and the Grand Duchess would have four daughters. Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria & Anastasia. In 1904 they would have a son and as such an heir to the Russian throne, Tsarevich Alexei.

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Nicholas was raised in the Russian Orthodox faith, which is observed all of his life. His beliefs and faith were passed on to his five children. His four daughters, the Grand Duchesses, kept copies of the gospels and prayer books beside their beds, as well as crosses. All of the family were strong believers and members of the church.

The events of January 1905 (which have come to be known as Bloody Sunday) are well documented. The Tsar himself, who the protesters had come to St Petersburg to hand a petition to, was not there at the Winter Palace at the time. He was, in fact, at Tsarskoye Selo at the time. Nicholas wrote in his diary after the events of Bloody Sunday:

“A painful day. Serious disorder took place in Petersburg when the workers tried to come to the Winter Palace. The Troops have been forced to fire in several parts of the city and there are many killed and wounded. Lord, how painful and sad this is”

It should be noted at this time that The Tsar did not order the troops to fire on the demonstrators.

The Tsar along with his family continued to rule Russia until the 15th March 1917. I’m sure many of you consider this the date that Nicholas II abdicated from the throne and the Russian Monarchy was abolished. However this was a false statement made by his enemies and the Bolsheviks.

To find out more about the truth of the abdication of Nicholas II please read this article

https://wifewithapurpose.com/2018/07/09/nicholas-ii-did-he-abdicate/

Also please stay tuned as we will be doing separate posts regarding the events of murder of the Romanov family on the evening the evening of July 16th 1917 on the anniversary of the event.